The European Economic Area (EEA) with three pillars (current two: EU and EFTA, and CEFTA as the third one) is the optimal solution that brings European countries under one roof. For many non-EU member states it is almost impossible to fulfil most of criteria and conditions, and become full EU member states in the near future.

 

EU Member States EFTA Member States CEFTA Members
Austria Iceland Albania
Belgium Liechtenstein Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria Norway Moldova
Croatia Montenegro
Cyprus North Macedonia
Czechia Serbia
Denmark UNMIK (on behalf of Kosovo)
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden